Floral Arrangement Construction Basics

D-I-Y Floral Design Classes

You may be reading this lesson because you have asked yourself, "I don't know where to start when it comes to arranging flowers, how am I going to do my own arrangements?" Well you are in luck. We will answer basic questions about how to construct the arrangements you need for your event whether it is a bar or bat mitzvah, a wedding, a baby shower, a bridal shower, sweet sixteen, or anniversary.

Construction of Arrangement using Floral Foam

Floral Foam: You will need to use floral foam if you plan on making centerpieces with a tight perfected shape. Arrangements like pomander balls, tall trumpet vases with arrangements on top or tall arrangements require floral foam. Some arrangements do not need floral foam. Hand tied bouquets, boutonnieres, corsages, glass vase arrangements, mason jar arrangements, and bud vase arrangements are some that do not require floral foam. Generally anytime there is a clear vase you can skip the floral foam. If you need to use floral foam to create a very tall or perfected shape you will need to cover the green floral foam with thick ti leaves.

Creating shape with floral foam: Here are some diagrams that will help you create the arrangement shapes you desire using floral foam. Use the flower construction diagrams to help you pick the right flowers to create these shapes. You will have to pick tall straight flowers (like snapdragons and larkspur) for arrangements with tall elements.

Imagine that the floral foam in these photos are in vases or designer dishes. This will help you understand how to place the flowers in the floral foam.

Floral Foam Arrangement Guide

Greenery and Constructing Arrangements

  • Use greenery to create a base for the arrangements by lining the bottom of your vase with greenery. This will begin to create a shape and will also make sure to cover the floral foam once flowers are added.
  • Use greenery to fill open spaces in between focal flowers and greenery. Having greenery evenly spread throughout the arrangement will also create a more balanced and professional look.
  • When making floral garland, wedding arbor décor, or floral head bands use greens that are long and flexible like Ivy and Italian Ruscus. Stiff greenery like myrtle, pittosporum, or leather leaf are better for creating structure in arrangements because they do not bend very much.

Focal Flowers/ Fillers and Constructing Arrangements

  • After you line your vase with greenery, start adding the largest focal flowers. Then, start filling the spaces with the smaller focal flowers and fillers.
  • Keep in mind that shape you wish to create with each flowers you put into your arrangement.
  • Keep turning the arrangement to make sure your design looks even and well balanced.
  • After you have used the fillers and focal flowers you desire, back track and cover any other mechanics with greens or fillers.

Bouquet Construction Basics

  • If you are using a bouquet holder with floral foam you will need to cut the stems of all the flowers short. This will help you insert them into the foam without blocking other interfering stems. You would also need to use floral adhesive to make sure the bouquet was secure. You surely do not want to walk down the aisle with your bouquet falling apart.
  • If you are making a hand tied bouquet you will need floral tape. Bundle a rotation of flowers together and use floral tape to secure the flowers in sections. Keep building on your design. Outlining the bouquet with greens will create a finished look similar to arrangements for centerpieces.

Factors to keep in mind about Construction

  • Some vases or arrangement shapes will require a different assembly. If you need help learning how to make a specific arrangement you can email our staff at any time for help. We really answer, no automated computer that will send you a generic answer, we will personalize the message based on your needs!
  • Making arrangements is a trial and error process. You will need to work on the arrangement until you are happy with how it looks. If you mess up you can always take the flowers out and try again. No harm done.
  • Cutting floral foam to fit in your vase is not a work of art. Don't worry if it doesn't look perfect, you can always also cut and add more pieces. All the foam will be completely covered by flowers and greenery anyway.
  • Pay attention to hydrating your flowers. This will really save them when they are in arrangements. Increase vase life by hydrating before and caring for the flowers properly, refer to our flower care and preparation lesson!

Next › Floral Arrangement Mechanics - The Basics

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